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Matrimonial Matters

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Matrimonial Matters

Family law (also called matrimonial law) is an area of the law that deals with family matters and domestic relations, including:

  • Marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships

  • Adoption and surrogacy

  • Child abuse and child abduction

  • The termination of relationships and ancillary matters, including divorce, annulment, property settlements, alimony, child custody and visitation, child support and alimony awards

  • Juvenile adjudication

  • paternity testing and paternity fraud

This list is not exhaustive and varies depending on jurisdiction. In many jurisdictions in the United States, the family courts see the most crowded dockets. Litigants representative of all social and economic classes are parties within the system.

Conflict of marriage laws is the conflict of laws regarding marriage in different jurisdictions. When marriage-related issues arise between couples with diverse backgrounds, questions as to which legal systems and norms should be applied to the relationship naturally follow with various potentially applicable systems frequently conflicting with one another

conflict of divorce laws

In modern society, the role of marriage and its termination through divorce have become political issues. As people live increasingly mobile lives, the conflict of laws and its choice of law rules are highly relevant to determine:

  • the circumstances in which people may obtain divorces in states in which they have no permanent or habitual residence; and

  • when one state will recognize and enforce a divorce granted in another state